Need help with my History question – Im studying for my class.
just make sure to read the guide of response paper, my professor really care on grammar, no grammar mistake
Module B Response Paper
In Module A, you saw how a historian uses a primary source (Columbus’s journal) to create an historical narrative. Now, let’s back up a bit and take a close look at primary sources. In this process, we will construct the context of the source.
First, some definitions:
In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called an original source or evidence) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study. It serves as an original source of information about the topic (Wikipedia).
Primary sources are distinguished from secondary sources, which cite, comment on, or build upon primary sources. So far, you have been interpreting the source, rather than reading a secondary source by someone who has already done the interpretation for you.
The other important definition here is context: the circumstances that form the historical setting for an event, statement, idea, or source and the terms in which it can be fully understood and assessed (Google). Students most often do not develop the context of the source in their papers. For example, many of you have received feedback from me indicating that you need an introduction that lays out the context of the source you’re commenting on.
For this Module, you will choose a source from the list below and:
1) simply report on the primary source by using the source to answer the questions below. In your Response Paper, you can just list the questions as they are here and answer them in full sentences. For some of the sources, the answers will be, in part, in Foner’s introduction to the source.
a. What type of source is it [an interview, a diary entry, a painting, music, a public record (court document, census document, political document, treaty, etc.)]?
b. When was the source published or produced?
–Who created the source and why?
–Who is the author and what is her or his place in society (explain why you are justified in thinking so)?
–Why do you think she or he wrote it? What evidence in the text tells you this?
–Who might be the intended audience? What evidence in the text tells you this?
–Does the author have a thesis or main point? What — in one sentence — is that thesis?
2) Next, you will include a paragraph that discusses the context of the source. As I’ve noted above, context is the circumstances that form the historical setting for an event, statement, idea, or source and the terms in which it can be fully understood and assessed. This can be found in the source itself, in the introduction to the source, and in Give Me Liberty!.
For example, if you were using “Olaudah Equiano on Slavery (1789)”, you would use Chapter 4 in Give Me Liberty! to discuss the Triangle Trade because that’s the context (the historical setting, backdrop, circumstances, etc.) in which Equiano’s narrative was written).
As with other Response Papers, this should be between 250-350 words.
The Pueblo Revolt (1680)
Adam Smith, The Results of Colonization (1776)
Nathaniel Bacon on Bacons Rebellion (1676)
Memorial against Non-English Immigration (1727)
Olaudah Equiano on Slavery (1789)
Advertisements for Runaway Slaves and Servants (1738)
The Trial of John Peter Zenger (1735)
The Great Awakening Comes to Connecticut (1740)
Remember to quote the source.
Response Papers and Discussions
After youve read the assigned chapters for the week, consider writing a brief response to the material.
Use this as an opportunity to discuss some of the larger issues or themes in the readings. While you will need to re-state some of what is in the textbook as evidence for formulating your answer, you must elaborate on what you’ve read. Create an informed opinion.
Be sure to:
–answer the question
use only the textbooks to write your Response Paper unless otherwise instructed
provide specific examples from the textbooks for your statements
quote your sources (the textbooks)
cite your sources–provide page numbers
Notice in the class Schedule that while you only have to do 6 Module Activities, you have 7 opportunities to contribute to a Module Activity. I suggest that you not wait to do so. You’ll want to give yourself a cushion in case you have to miss an opportunity to turn in an RP or contribute to a discussion or in case one of your RPs is not accepted or you receive a low score on your discussion. If you choose to do 7 Module Activities, the instructor will not grade all 7. The first 6 will be counted toward your grade. The instructor will not count the seven best.
Submission Guidelines for Response Papers:
1. Deadlines for each Response Paper are listed in the schedule. NO LATE PAPERS WILL BE ACCEPTED.
2. You must use the following format for your Response Papers:
–The Question (copy the question that you are answering):
–Answer: (250-350 word answer).
your response must be between 250 and 350 words in length. When calculating word count, don’t include the heading or question in your count; count only the words in your actual answer.
4. For each Module, you will either
a) see a link to specific Response Paper prompts
b) see a link to appropriate textbook chapter questions. In this case,
you must choose to write your RP from chapters listed for the current week’s Module. You may not choose a question or prompt from a previous week’s Module or for a Module that we haven’t yet covered.
5. Answer just one question per module.
Not every RP is accepted.
The most common reasons RPs are not accepted:
a) The RP is too short.
b) The RP doesn’t evince that the student has followed the instructor’s advice given in a previous RP (eg.: Regarding your previous RP, the instructor said that in future RPs you need to quote sources and you don’t do so).
c) The RP doesn’t answer the question or address the issue.
d) The student does not do their own work on the RP. See the “Academic Standards” document in the Course Overview.
If your RP is not accepted, you MAY NOT REVISE it. You must move on to the next Module.
7. Acceptable formats:
–Don’t use .Pages
You may not work ahead. Each Module will be open for only the time designated in the schedule.
A colleague of mine says that “nothing is more obvious than a mentally limp post.” “So,” he says, “without your head in a classroom staring at me, how would I/others ever know if you’re conscious?” Answer: because, by what you’ve written, you’ve demonstrated that you’ve read the material and have a working knowledge of it. It becomes painfully (and I mean that literally) obvious when someone is feeding off of the ideas of others only.
For each discussion, you will be required to create your own post and post a response to at least one other students post.
Your posts should utilize
Give Me Liberty! and the primary sources from
Voices of Freedom.
Students should quote and/or paraphrase from these sources (see the Quoting and Paraphrasing document in the Course Overview).
Historians employ an etiquette of polite discourse to solve problems and work through ideas. By and large, historians are interested in discourse that promotes democracy, which means that we are interested in behaving responsibly and generatively. We are interested in how to rise to the better angels of our communicative natures.
That said, I would like to suggest that your discussion are polite and clear. This doesn’t mean that you can’t disagree; it means that you must do so respectfully.
What to say if you dont agree with the
–“I think I see it differently ”
–“I have a different take on this.”
–“I am not sure I follow the logic of your thinking. The way I see it is ”
Use third-point referencing. That is, refer to the post, not the person who created the post.
–For example: “The argument might be stronger if…”
–“The thesis is clear and well-supported…”, “The sources don’t seem to support the point I think you’re trying to make…”
What to say if you dont understand parts of the post?
–I am not sure I follow, exactly
–I know what I mean by the word ____ but Im not sure I know what you mean…
–Could you help me understand your thinking when you said___
Avoid phrases like:
–“You do a terrible job of…”
–“You should have…”
–“Your thesis sucks…”
–1st paragraph–restate in your own words the argument that you understand the student is making
–2nd paragraph–extend or refute the point made by the student by including more evidence from the texts
–give a concluding idea
Examples of fairly good discussion replies:
I would like to comment on the “genocide” post and respectfully disagree with a couple of your points. In no way does this lessen my respect for you or your work.
First, I agree that the genocide of the Native Americans was indeed terrible, but I would argue that it IS unusual. Columbus and the Spanish conquest killed five times more people than Hitler and his Nazis did. While it is very true that every culture, on every continent, in every era has conquered with blood, Columbus did it with a fervor and disdain for human life.
While I do not disagree that the Native people’s of America were not a Utopian society or societies, they were definitely more egalitarian, tolerant, and self sufficient than those from western Europe. The Native people did fight, have enemies, and commit atrocities in the name of religion, culture, and/or power but the romanticizing in Zinn’s book mostly came from Columbus’ or Bartolomé de las Casas journals, and the biggest culprit was Samuel Morison who buried the “genocide” in a heap of heroification and praise for Columbus.
My point, again with all due respect, is we should hold Columbus and the conquistadors accountable for their actions. Yes it was 500 years ago, but they knew what they were doing was wrong, and we must teach our people that it was as wrong then as it is now, we should not accept that “they didn’t know better” just like the warlords and hate mongers of todays world know it’s wrong, so did the Spanish, English, Dutch, and French. I would hope that heinous acts like these would and will always be viewed as a shock and appall us.
Yes, i definitely have to agree with you on this. Neither man understood or respected slaves in any way. They both failed to understand that slaves are just people and that their skin color has no affect on their intelligence.
I feel that Hammonds and Fitzhugh’s commments just reveal the ignorance of their time.
And i feel that your points are valid and warranted.
I think you picked out the main benefits that were important during the revolution because after all where would we be without the start of the railroad system and telegraphs? I think this was a very important time in history because of these developments and it is important for us to know about them.
I too, cannot imagine walking up to my bank and seeing that it was closed indefinitely… i don’t think this could have gone over very well
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