Im working on a Psychology question and need guidance to help me study.
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For this forum I decided to teach a child to do more chores or to do them better. With teaching this behavior, I would would operant conditioning. If I tell my child to do certain things around the house and my child does not do them, there are different things that I can do to get a better behavior. The key thing with operant conditioning is that when the behavior is not right, you can give a punishment to decrease the likelihood of the bad behavior. If the behavior is the right way, you can give a reward to increase the likely hood of the right decisions. Examples of giving a punishment to a child could different depending on what the child does or likes. If the child plays video games, I could take the video games away until the chores are done and done correctly. If the child wants to go over to a friends house then I can say no until the chores are done, if the child refuses to do the chores then I will continue to take more things away and give more punishments until the child changes their behavior and does the chores. Now when it comes to rewarding the child for doing the chores and doing them right, I can give whatever I took away, back to the child. These punishments or rewards can be a continuous thing depending if the child completes the chores or not. The reason why I believe that operant conditioning is the best decision for this type of situation is because children love the things that they have and when you take those things away, they will get upset. Now, the child might not do the chore right away because they may be complaining, you have to make sure they know that they wont get whatever you took away back until all of the chores are done.
-Good evening class,
For this week’s forum, I wanted to discuss learning and my three-year-old son. He has been reluctant to use the toilet, and has presented his mother and I with a pretty decent challenge with potty training. We will have a run of a few days where he will use the bathroom when we remind him to go, with a handful of times that he will go on his own without any prompting. Other times, however, he will fight and cry and carry on anytime we make any reference to using the big boy potty. His mother and I want to teach him to use the toilet, and want to avoid any lapses in successful trips to the restroom for him, even if only to avoid the accumulating pile of laundry. Through the reading, I have been able to identify at least one method we have been using to teach him to use the bathroom (and believe me, we’ve tried many methods) but the one that sticks out from the reading is Operant Conditioning, specifically behavior modification. We do not want to reinforce his use of pull ups by keeping him in them because of the decreased laundry burden, and we do not want to negatively punish him for failing to either inform us he needs to go, or to go on his own. We have been primarily using a positive reinforcement as a means of motivating him to go when reminded or on his own. When he is successful, we offer praise, and a reward (a sticker in his potty book). It’s not always successful, as he’s little and I can imagine this activity may be intimidating or still foreign enough to need the reminding, and we communicate that he made a mistake, and that he didn’t make it to the potty in time. We try to avoid exhibiting negative reactions to his failures, as the missed trips to the restroom aren’t the end of the world. Once we see that he’s going on his own without needing much ado, we can begin to remove the stickers, opting only for the praise, until he finally makes the switch and goes on his own, every time.
I really enjoyed this week’s topic because I eventually want to become a teacher one day. Choosing a behavior was a bit challenging because it has literally no limitations. The behavior I chose is a little unique in nature. I would like to teach a friend to how to listen to someone and not be regressive; even if they highly disagree about a particular subject. Many people in today’s time don’t get enough exposure to different opinions because they constantly live within their own circles. When a contradictory opinion comes up in conversation, people tend to immediately shut it off. I believe this is because people feel that if they listen to an opinion that is different from their own that they might be converted to that opinion(Watson, 1920).
I would use classical conditioning for this approach. This conditioning focuses on two stimuli that are repeatedly paired. In the classical approach, there was an example that related to ignoring stimulus that might be bothersome to a particular person. However, with constant exposure to that stimulus allowed the person to forget that it was even there, thus creating an immunity to it. The reason why I choose this approach was it seemed less invasive. And the biggest challenge to this approach is it requires my friend to actually want to learn the particular behavior.
I would focus on telling my friend statements that I know that they disagree with. Their blood pressure and heart rate might rise because of this. Usually the most uncomfortable statements that people hate to deal with are that of politics and religion. I would keep exposing it to them of a certain period until they could handle listening to opposing opinions without getting upset. Hopefully, this would create an immunity to their regression. The purpose of this learned behavior is to focus on controlling a person’s emotions without changing their belief system but allowing them to listen to statements that might make them feel upset.
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